What is Pyoderma?

Pyoderma is a bacterial infection of the skin: pathogenic bacteria (germs) multiply excessively in the skin. This is a common problem in dogs, but much rarer in cats.This usually causes itchy, painful, inflamed (redness) and oozing skin.

Why does my dog ​​have pyoderma?

The skin of the dog constitutes a tight barrier which protects it against the external aggressions, such as the parasites, the germs, but also the pollen, the dust or the mites of the environment, which can be allergenic.Consequently, when the skin barrier is weakened and no longer plays its role correctly, pathogenic bacteria can develop in large quantities on the surface of the skin and cause pyoderma.

This is the case when the skin is already damaged by itching, during paratism (fleas) or allergy ( Atopic dermatitis, food allergy). Generally speaking, any skin irritation is likely to trigger pyoderma.Germs develop more easily in hot and humid places, which is why some dogs with many "folds" (bulldogs) are more prone than others to pyoderma. Particular attention should be paid to the maintenance of these dogs.Pyoderma can also occur during hygiene problems (unsuitable shampoo), during dietary deficiencies (see below), or even following certain drug treatments.

What to do in case of pyoderma?

Pyoderma is not to be taken lightly! This is because it is very painful for your dog and can get worse very quickly. It is therefore imperative if you suspect such a disorder (itching, inflamed skin with oozing appearance) to consult your veterinarian as soon as possible.Your veterinarian will be able to prescribe the most suitable treatment possible, but also to seek and diagnose a possible cause that may have favoured the appearance of pyoderma (parasitic, allergic causes, etc.).

Diet and pyoderma

Food can play a role in your dog's pyoderma: an unsuitable diet can promote its appearance, just as a specific diet can help its management.If your dog's diet is of low quality, it can cause certain deficiencies, including good quality proteins, vitamins and minerals like zinc. All these components are essential to maintain the skin in good health and in the event of deficiencies, the skin barrier can be altered.On the other hand, if your dog has a food allergy , the itching caused by the allergy weakens the skin, which often leads to a skin infection (pyoderma).

Your veterinarian or nutritionist can determine if the food your dog consumes is the most suitable for him or not. He / she can also prescribe specific foods, intended to strengthen the skin barrier and / or to manage a possible food allergy if necessary.