Good puppy dental hygiene starts early

The puppy does not have a tooth at birth, the milk dentition appears from the 20th day. At the start of growth, the puppy has 32 teeth, then pushes the first permanent premolars around 4 months. All other baby teeth will be replaced between the 3rd and 5th month to make room for the final dentition.

Over the course of meals once an adult, food debris accumulates leading to a yellowish bacterial deposit very adherent to the base of the teeth: dental plaque. As the plaque accumulates, it progresses under the gum tissue and causes periodontal damage. Tartar is formed by calcification of dental plaque causing inflammation of the gum, this is gingivitis, and the attack on the supporting tissues of the tooth, it is periodontitis. 

The vast majority of dogs and especially small dogs will present, in the more or less long term, more or less severe periodontal lesions.In us humans, the benefits of oral hygiene are well established. Yet too few dog owners ask themselves the question of cleaning their dog's teeth, when the answer is obvious for themselves.

What to do to prevent dental problems?

  • The most effective for preventing the formation of tartar is regular tooth brushing,  started from 6 months (as soon as the permanent teeth appear). It helps prevent the build-up of dental plaque and delays the onset of gingivitis. Get your puppy used to it as soon as possible so that he gets used to this move quickly. Toothpaste is not essential, only the friction of the brush is involved in the removal of dental plaque, but the pleasant taste of specific toothpaste for dogs can facilitate handling. The sooner you get your puppy used to this gesture, the easier it will be for you to regularly provide this care.
  • By opting for a food in the form of kibble, you will encourage your puppy to chew before swallowing.  This action is doubly beneficial because it allows to slow down the speed of ingestion especially if he tends to eat greedily and it results in a natural brushing effect on the tooth for good oral hygiene.
  • Good hygiene does not dispense with dental follow-up by the veterinarian.  Periodic visits to the veterinarian are recommended to check the condition of your puppy's oral cavity, especially in small dogs predisposed to oral diseases.